Well, there are two ways to answer this question. One is the conventional answer that you might read somewhere (like here) that can be calculated rather straightforwardly. The other is more specific to an individual's current situation and more difficult to calculate, but a figure can be zeroed in on.
First, I'll briefly run through the methodology of the more broad calculation. The most basic way to calculate the odds that a person gets a girls golf scholarship is simply to divide the total number of people with girls golf scholarships by the total number of people. Like this:
Total number of girls golf scholarships / Total number of people = Odds of getting a girls golf scholarship.
This simple calculation is pretty silly for a couple of reasons. The most obvious is that it includes boys (in the "Total number of people") and obviously they're not going to get girls golf scholarships.
So we can immediately improve the relevancy of the results simply by making this quick change:
Total number of girls golf scholarships / Total number of women = Odds of getting a girls golf scholarship.
This is better, but it still leaves a lot to be desired.
At this point we'll start making some assumptions to narrow down the parameters.
For starters let's assume that it's safe to say that nearly all (if not all) of the people who have girls golf scholarships are not only women (obvious), but also played varsity high school golf.
Certainly there could be exceptions and just because a girl didn't play golf for her high school team doesn't automatically exclude her from being allowed to play golf for a college team. There could be a really unusual circumstance where a girl went to a high school that didn't have a golf team, or she just started playing golf when she was 18 and was a miracle phenom.
At any rate, for our calculation purposes let's just narrow the field to females who played varsity golf in high school.
As recently as 2010 it was estimated that there are about 600,000 women playing golf in the US between the ages of 6-17. Obviously only a relatively small percentage of that population actually made the cut (or is old enough) to play on a girls high school varsity golf team.
As a side note: the number of boys in the US playing golf between the ages of 6-17 is about 1.9 million as of 2010. Assuming there are as many boys golf scholarships as girls golf scholarships the figures immediately indicate that it's likely more than three times as hard (based strictly on the sheer volume of competition) to get a golf scholarship as a male than as a female.
Getting back to topic the new equation would look more like this:
Total number of girls who play varsity high school golf / Total number of female golf scholarships = odds of getting a girls golf scholarship
If you want to narrow the parameters even further to suit your own personal situation, you can narrow the fields even more by factoring in a number of points that describe your situation. Some of these factors might include parameters like:
- girls who play varsity high school golf and have a handicap below 5
- girls who play varsity high school golf, have a handicap below 5, and were all-state
- girls who attended golf camps that increased their exposure to college golf coaches
The list goes on and on.
At the end of the day the most important aspect of this exercise isn't to nail down a precise percentage, but to identify the traits that give you the best chance of achieving your goal of getting scholarship money to play golf in college.
The most obvious thing is that the better you are at golf, the better your chances are of getting a scholarship. However, beyond that you might find other attributes while doing your research that can help. Reading this website and getting as much information as possible is a great sign that you're the sort of person who is going to give yourself the optimal chance to succeed.
As was briefly mentioned earlier some other important things you can do simply besides being good at golf involve competing (and doing well) in tournaments, visiting golf camps, getting exposure to coaches, etc.
It's really up to you to market yourself as well as you can. Make it easy for the coaches/recruiters to know you're out there and give them reasons to say yes to you, like by being a good student in addition to being a strong golfer. Show leadership abilities in other organizations, and demonstrate that you're a coachable golfer who would be a great asset to most any college golf team.